The country of Israel

Located on the southeastern coastline of the Mediterranean Sea is the state of Israel. Israel is home to the largest number of Jewish in the world. It declared its independence from the Turkish rule in 1948 and borders Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and the Mediterranean Sea.

Geography

Israel is a long and narrow shaped country that lies on a 20,770 sq. Km land. It is densely populated. It has an estimated population of 8,174,527 as of July 2016. Although relatively smaller than most average countries, it encompasses varied topographical features that can only be matched to those of an entire continent ranging from the fertile green valley, forested highlands, mountainous deserts, and coastal plains. It is also home to the Dead Sea – the lowest point on earth.

Climate

Israel’s climate can best be described as subtropical with much sunshine peaking in July and August to around 30 degrees Celsius and a rainy season that spreads from November to April. Further south, the desert area between Be’er Sheva and Eilat receives very little rainfall of just 2-6 inches.

Language

The Official languages of the country of Israel are Hebrew and Arabic. English is their second language. In Israel today, Hebrew is spoken by the majority of Israelis. All immigrants to Israel are also taught to speak Hebrew through the Intensive Language programs. There are political moves to make Hebrew the official language of Israel. Israel is the only country in the world that uses a previously dead language as its native language.

Politics and democracy

Israel’s political system comprises of the legislative, executive and the judicial. Israel’s parliament is also referred to as Knesset. It consists of 120 members whose major responsibility is to oversee that the Israeli government is just in all its doings. The Knesset is the legislative branch. Israelis do not vote for a particular person, but for a political party. Hence, the members of the parliament (Knesset) are representatives of the elected parties.

Democracy: The Israeli Knesset guarantees freedom and equality for all.

Foreign relations

• Israel receives a lot of hostility from the Arab region.

• Israel’s relationship with Islamic countries, especially Iran is non-existent.

• The United States of America provides Israel with crucial diplomatic and military support.

• Canada has diplomatic and economic relations with Israel.

• Israel ignores all the UN Security Council resolutions.

Central Cities

Jerusalem – In 1950 Jerusalem was declared the capital city of Israel. This was due to its historical connections and Biblical prophecies. Today, Jerusalem is home to the Israeli government, the Israeli parliament and legislation and the offices of the President, Prime Minister, and the Cabinet. Jerusalem is the largest and most populous city in Jerusalem.

Tel Aviv – this city was founded in 1909 as the country’s first Jewish city in modern times. Today, Tel Aviv is Israel’s commercial, financial, industrial and cultural hub. Most international embassies and foreign diplomatic missions are located in Tel Aviv.

Haifa – Haifa is the coastal city of Israel. One of Israel’s major Mediterranean port is found in this town. It also serves as an industrial and commercial center of northern Israel.

Be’erSheva – this city is the largest urban center in the south of Israel. It provides education, health, administrative, economic and cultural services for the southern region.

Education, science, innovations, and Talent

In Israel, everyone above the age of five is entitled to free education through age 18. Institutions of higher education in Israel include Universities, colleges, and vocal schools. It has a high level of scientific research and development. Israelis show an above average gifting for skill and innovation. For instance, Israelis account for 22%of all individuals worldwide who have won the Nobel Prize between 1901 and 2015. These people were Jews or had Jewish ancestry traits. This is a significant achievement for Israelis considering they only make up 0.2% of the world’s population. Israel has the largest number of university degrees in the world.

Religion

Israel practices freedom of worship. It guarantees safety by law to all holy places irrespective of religion. 80% of Israelis practice Judaism, 17% practice Islam and Christians make up 2% of its population.

Economy

Israel’s economy is diverse and sophisticated. Recently it was ranked the 3rd most stable economy in the world 2016. It has enjoyed a year on year growth that demonstrates a remarkable resilience with an average growth of 3% annually. Israeli’s Ministry of Finance declared that Israel was the first in the world for;

• IT Skills

• Entrepreneurship

• Scientific Research

• Expenditure on R&D

The county has a technologically advanced market economy that is driven by science and technology. The export industry accounts for 40% of Israel’s economic activity. Its top exports include medical equipment, cut diamonds, pharmaceuticals, machines, chemical goods, and electronic equipment.

Industry

The industries in Israel are highly advanced in technology. Its industry primarily focuses on manufacturing state of the art products that are based on technological innovation. This includes food processing, agrotechnology, medical electronic, fine chemicals, computer hardware and software, telecommunications and solar energy. For instance, there have been research projects on developing transportable solar power, extracting hydrogen from water to use as eco-friendly fuel among others.

Agriculture

Israel tells the magnificent story of how it has beaten its adverse conditions to produce 93% of its food requirements. This is majorly due to the extensive programs of afforestation since 1900. So far, over 250 million sub-tropical trees have been grown in all regions of Israel. This program has seen a favorable effect on rainfall and the humidity of the Israeli soil. This saw a change in climate.

Technology plays a significant role in Israel’s agriculture in the drip and micro-irrigation systems. These systems have been sold worldwide. The drip and micro-irrigation system enables over 40% of the country’s vegetables and field crops to grow in the Negev desert. Israel also exports a wide variety of agricultural products.

Tourism

Israel prides itself for its many historical and religious sites, beach resorts and other natural features. Some of its favorite tourist destinations include; the Western Wall in the Old City of Jerusalem, the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, the Mountain fortress of Masada, the Dead Sea, the sea of Galilee, the Garden of Gethsemane, and the Mount of Olives.Israel’s Tel Aviv boasts a vibrant night life, picturesque and white sandy beaches, café culture and modern dining.